PTC Tip of the Month Fluorous-Tagged Chiral Phase-Transfer Catalyst

Recent work described modifying Maruoka's chiral phase-transfer catalyst by applying perfluoroalkyl ("fluorous") molecular tags to the catalyst which is used in asymmetric synthesis of α-amino acids.  Fluorous phases and fluorous-tagged compounds - which can include reagents, intermediates, auxiliaries, etc. in addition to catalysts - can be easily and selectively separated by SPE, HPLC, or liquid-liquid extraction.  In this case, the tagged catalyst was recovered for recycling.  Fluorous compatibility with classical solution-phase reactions and facile single-method purification are key reasons that it's being applied in a wide variety of reactions - now including phase transfer catalysis. Shirakawa, S.; Tanaka, Y.; Maruoka, K.. Organic Letters, 2004, 6, 1429. For additional information about fluorous tagging, click on or contact Brett Bosley at

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PTC Consulting - Plan 2005 Budget to Enhance R&D

What if you could rapidly evaluate and achieve PTC breakthrough performance in your lab?
PTC Organics' dedicated industrial phase-transfer catalysis experts have provided highly specialized PTC consulting and other PTC services at 189 sites in the US, Europe and Japan and have helped companies save > $150 million and improve overall R&D effectiveness. 

To improve route selection, process improvement, process development and overall reaction performance,
contact Marc Halpern at tel +1 856-222-1146 or by E-mail

PTC Training Plan your training budget - Early 2005 in Chicago and Newark

The course "Practical Phase-Transfer Catalysis" will be conducted in Chicago and Newark in early 2005. Can't come to the course? Soon you will be able to purchase an audio CD set with manuals and license. "Practical Phase-Transfer Catalysis" can also be conducted at your company anytime (North America, Europe or Japan) as a private in-house course. More than 530 chemists, engineers and managers at nearly 100 companies have participated in this highly rated course from 1996 to 2004. Click here for details and agenda or contact us by E-mail or telephone (+1 856-222-1146) or fax (+1 856-222-1124).

Inexpensive patent attorney (United States) familiar with Phase-Transfer Catalysis, organic chemistry and biochemistry. Contact Mannie Morgenstern by E-mail or at telephone 818-788-5531 (California). 

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PTC Reaction of the Month Michael Addition to Perfluoropropene

Sometimes the added selectivity which PTC provides can have enormous impact on yield. This patent compares a Michael addition with and without tetrabutyl ammonium chloride under identical conditions and shows that PTC provides 93% yield while extensive destruction of starting material is observed without PTC (only 44% yield isolated with no recoverable starting material).  Yamamoto, A. (Daikin Industries) US Patent 6,777,563 17-Aug-2004

PT Catalyst of the Month 18-Crown-6

Outstanding phase-transfer catalyst for transferring and reacting a wide variety of inorganic salts with organic substrates (including both the anion and cation, e.g., KCN) from solid to organic phases. Often achieves high reactivity and sometimes induces unique selectivity (e.g., nucleophilicity vs basicity of t-butoxide!). Often easily separated by extraction into water. 
Very expensive relative to other phase-transfer catalysts on a weight basis...though must estimate cost-benefit on a performance basis. Conflicting values for LD50 oral-rat have been published. Have your industrial hygienist evaluate before use.

Availability, Samples and Quotes from Competitors

Request samples and quotes from: 

Dishman Pharmaceuticals & Chemicals, Eskay Industries (click on link)

Other Phase-Transfer Catalysts:
PTC Supplier Directory:
choose from a dozen suppliers & 80 PT catalysts and ask for free samples & quotes.

PTC Technology for Licensing

For details, contact Marc Halpern at tel +1 856-222-1146 or by E-mail.

- for PTC options during route selection, contact Marc Halpern by E-mail, website or telephone (+1 856-222-1146).


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Before performing any PTC reactions read this important message
Organic chemical reactions are inherently dangerous. Moreover, phase-transfer catalysis may provide rate and other enhancements which can intensify associated hazards. Under no circumstances should anyone perform any procedure on any scale based in whole or in part on any of the contents of this information provided here before thoroughly establishing safe operating procedures and performing a full and competent hazardous operations analysis with the participation of qualified technical personal trained in chemical, engineering, safety, industrial hygiene and environmental disciplines and sciences.

The list of PTC Tip of the Month subscribers will not be sold, rented or transferred and will be used only by PTC Communications, Inc. and PTC Organics, Inc. to provide information related to Phase-Transfer Catalysis. PTC Communications, Inc. reserves the right to distribute the PTC Tip of the Month to selected industrial chemists, engineers and managers.

PTC Tip of the Month #23 - August 2004
Copyright 2004 PTC Communications, Inc.

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